What is Gerund?

A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding ‘-ing’. It is therefore known as Verb-Noun.

Ex- Exercising is good for your health.
Singing is her favorite hobby.

In these sentences, exercising and singing are gerund as they are derived from verb and act as a noun in the sentence. They have (verb + ing) format.

Uses of the Gerund

Gerund can be used as subject, the object, or the complement of a sentence:

1. Subject

Dancing is a good exercise.
Managing things has become difficult for me, since I shifted to a new house.
Watching movies is my favorite pastime.
Listening songs makes her feel delighted.
Swimming is my favorite sport.

2. Object of a transitive verb

A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object, which is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase. The direct object typically answers the question what? or whom?
Ex- She likes reading.
I don’t mind cooking.
He enjoys running.
He loves riding.

3. Object of a preposition

Ex- I am tired of waiting.
After watching the movie, I wanted to read the book.
He stayed at home instead of going to school.
I’m interested in collecting stamps.
I will call you after arriving at the office.

4. Complement of verb ‘To Be’

To Be – (present) is/ are/ am
(past) was/ were

My favorite hobby is dancing. 
What he really likes is going by bike.
My work is collecting the plates and washing them.
My aim is teaching English in a simpler way.

  • Gerund is also used in compound nouns, like-
    Fryingpan – a pan for frying
    Readingtable- a table for reading
    Walkingstick- a stick for walking
    Here, frying, reading, walking are gerunds.

Gerund vs Present participle

As both the gerund and the present participle end in ‘–ing’, they must be carefully distinguished.

  • The gerund has the force of a Noun and a verb; it is a
    Verbal Noun.
  • The present participle has the force of an adjective and a
    verb; it is a verbal adjective.

For example: She kept me waiting. – present participle
Ex- He don’t like waiting.

(Here the –ing form waiting is the object of the verb like and hence it acts like a noun. It is therefore a gerund.)

(Visited 182 times, 1 visits today)


  1. film November 27, 2020 at 11:33 am

    I have been examinating out some of your articles and i can state nice stuff. I will make sure to bookmark your blog. Myrlene Curran Tabber

  2. film November 30, 2020 at 11:00 am

    I truly enjoy examining on this web site , it has great articles . Aprilette Pincas Friedrich

  3. erotik film izle December 8, 2020 at 4:47 pm

    Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this article and the rest of the site is also very good. Gigi Chic Ehudd

  4. erotik film izle December 9, 2020 at 5:49 am

    If some one desires expert view regarding running a blog after that i suggest him/her to visit this website, Keep up the pleasant job. Bettine Mitchel Caiaphas

  5. bedava January 12, 2021 at 5:10 pm

    I am regular reader, how are you everybody? This article posted at this site is really pleasant. Delia Truman Lesser

  6. filmi full izle January 17, 2021 at 7:53 pm

    I love your writing style genuinely loving this web site. Lettie Andreas Myranda