What is Gerund?
A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding ‘-ing’. It is therefore known as Verb-Noun.
Ex- Exercising is good for your health.
Singing is her favorite hobby.
In these sentences, exercising and singing are gerund as they are derived from verb and act as a noun in the sentence. They have (verb + ing) format.
Uses of the Gerund
Gerund can be used as subject, the object, or the complement of a sentence:
Dancing is a good exercise.
Managing things has become difficult for me, since I shifted to a new house.
Watching movies is my favorite pastime.
Listening songs makes her feel delighted.
Swimming is my favorite sport.
2. Object of a transitive verb
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object, which is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase. The direct object typically answers the question what? or whom?
Ex- She likes reading.
I don’t mind cooking.
He enjoys running.
He loves riding.
3. Object of a preposition
Ex- I am tired of waiting.
After watching the movie, I wanted to read the book.
He stayed at home instead of going to school.
I’m interested in collecting stamps.
I will call you after arriving at the office.
4. Complement of verb ‘To Be’
To Be – (present) is/ are/ am
(past) was/ were
My favorite hobby is dancing.
What he really likes is going by bike.
My work is collecting the plates and washing them.
My aim is teaching English in a simpler way.
- Gerund is also used in compound nouns, like-
Fryingpan – a pan for frying
Readingtable- a table for reading
Walkingstick- a stick for walking
Here, frying, reading, walking are gerunds.
Gerund vs Present participle
As both the gerund and the present participle end in ‘–ing’, they must be carefully distinguished.
- The gerund has the force of a Noun and a verb; it is a
- The present participle has the force of an adjective and a
verb; it is a verbal adjective.
For example: She kept me waiting. – present participle
Ex- He don’t like waiting.
(Here the –ing form waiting is the object of the verb like and hence it acts like a noun. It is therefore a gerund.)