Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
There are three degrees of comparison:
- Positive degree
- Comparative degree
- Superlative degree.
- Positive degree– It is used when no comparison is made. It is used to denote the mere existence of some quality.
For ex- George is good boy.
This is a big house.
Zoyais a beautiful girl.
2. Comparative degree– It is used when two things are compared.
For ex- Jack is better than Rahul.
That house is bigger than this house.
Riya is more beautiful than Seema.
- “than” is used to compare two things.
3. Superlative degree– It is used when more thantwo things are compared.
For ex- Harry is the best boy of the class.
This is the biggest house in the city.
Neha is the most beautiful girl.
- We use the article ‘the‘ before the superlative degrees.
FORMATION OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
- by addition of ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ to the positive degree
2. by addition of ‘-r’ and ‘-st’ to the positive degree ending in ‘e’
3. When the positive ends in ‘y’ and has a consonant before it, we change ‘y’ into ‘i’ and then add ‘er’ and ‘est’.
|By deleting the final ‘y’ and adding ‘ier’ and ‘iest’|
4. when the positive degree ends in a consonant with a vowel before it, we double the consonant & then add ‘-er’ and ‘-est’
5. by addition of ‘-er’ and ‘-est’ to the positive degree when it ends in ‘-y’
6. by placing ‘more’ and ‘most’ before the positive form
|active||more active||most active|
|attractive||more attractive||most attractive|
|beautiful||more beautiful||most beautiful|
|brilliant||more brilliant||most brilliant|
|careful||more careful||most careful|
|difficult||more difficult||most difficult|
|famous||more famous||most famous|
|faithful||more faithful||most faithful|
|important||more important||most important|
|proper||more proper||most proper|
|popular||more popular||most popular|
Some adjectives do not follow any of the rules explained earlier. They are compared irregularly. Here are the different forms of such adjectives.